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Originally Published: Dec 1998 Updated: Nov 7, 2011
Eid-e Ghadir - Declaration at Ghadir e Khumm, Prophet Muhammad Appoints Imam Ali as His Successor
Investiture of Imam Ali at Ghadir Khumm
Al-Biruni's Chronology of Ancient Nations 161 AH 707 BC
Yaum-ul-Ghadir Mubarak Everyone!
Eid-e Gadhir is celebrated with great rejoicing by Shia Muslims where they remember Prophet Muhammad's last instructions to the believers. Eid-e-Ghadir is one of the most important days of rejoicing for Shia Muslims around the world as that was the day our beloved Prophet Muhammad (s.a.s.) declared Hazrat Ali's vicegerency at Ghadir e Khumm on his return from his last pilgrimage which is known in history as ‘Hajjat-ul-Wida'. This took place on the 18th of Zil-Hajj, in 632 AC, 3 months before his demise, when the Prophet and his followers were returning from his last pilgrimage. Prophet Muhammad announced that he had received an important revelation from Allah, and made a halt at the pond called Ghadir Khumm. A make-shift dias was erected from sadles, sticks and camel skins and as soon as all the pilgrims were gathered, he acted upon the revelation of Ayah-e Gadhir Khumm.
"O Messenger (Prophet), deliver to the people what has been revealed to you from your Lord and if you do not do so then you will not have delivered His message and Allah will protect you from the people. For God does not guide those who reject Faith."The Prophet thence declared "'Man Kuntu Mowlahu fa haza Aliyun Mowlahu' - 'He of whomever I am the Master-Lord (Mowla), Ali is his Master-Lord (Mowla). Prophet Muhammad had been discoursing all the other revelations among the muslims regarding the tenets and practice of the faith and about material life, and what could this verse of surpassing urgency mean and why was he admonished that if he did not reveal that message then his mission would be unfulfilled! Why had he been warned so strongly by Allah to deliver the message right away.
Ya 'ayyuhar Rasoolu ballig maa unzila ilayka mir-Rabbik. Wa illam taf'al famaa ballagta Risaalatah. Wallaahu ya'simuka minan naas. Innal'laaha laa yahdilqawmal kaafiriin. Quran 5:67
According to Shia tradition, Prophet Muhammad had been apprehensive about declaring his own son-in-law and cousin Ali ibn Abu Talib as his spiritual (Amirul Momineen, Commander of the believers) and secular (Caliph, King) heir, for fear that it would divide the nascent Muslim community. The rich Muslims were already jealous of Hazrat Ali's favored position with Prophet Muhammad (being married to Hazrat Fatima, being his cousin, appointed as Commander at many important battles) and in the above revelation God reassures him.
Al Muayyad talks about the Gadhir-e Khumm appointment in his Majalis as follows:
"It must be borne in mind that after the death of the Prophet the belief in the Wilayat of the Imams from his progeny is as important a part of our religion as the belief in the Wilayat of the Prophet in his lifetime. This is supported by the Tradition according to which the Prophet is reported to have said at ‘Ghadeer Khum', "Am I not more precious to you than your own-selves." This is an echo of the Qur'anic verse which says, "The Prophet is more dear to the ‘Momins' than their own-selves to them." It is said, that in response to this question by the Prophet, when the ‘Momins' said "Yes, you are dearer to us than our own lives", the Prophet said, "O God, be witness to their admission". After this he said, "‘Ali is the master of one who acknowledges me to be his master. O God love those who love ‘Ali. Help those who help ‘Ali. Desert those who desert ‘Ali. Let the truth accompany ‘Ali wherever he goes."
Video and Audio Files of this declaration: (See transliteration and translation below)
Man kunto Mowla Ali Mowla Manaqib by Nusrat Fateh Ali Khan - my favorite - First ever Qawwali composed by Amir Khusraw
Man kunto Mowla Ali Mowla Rahat Fateh Ali Khan English commentary
Man kunto Mowla Ali Mowla Manaqib by Abida Parveen Concert Oslo, Norway
Man kunto Mowla Ali Mowla Sabri Brothers 3 Parts
Man kunto Mowla Ali Mowla Manaqib by Nusrat Fateh Ali Khan - climax is amazing!
Man qunto Mowla Snippet by Nusrat Fateh Ali Khan (.au file)
Prophet Muhammad felt great relief upon accomplishment of his mission of declaring Hazrat Ali his successor and legatee, wasi, and thereupon received the final revelation:"This day have I perfected for you your religion and completed My favor on you and chosen for you Islam as a religion" Quran 5:3.
"Surely those who swear allegiance to you do but swear allegiance to Allah; the hand of Allah is above their hands. Therefore whoever breaks (his faith), he breaks it only to the injury of his own soul, and whoever fulfills what he has pledged with Allah, He will grant him a mighty reward." Quran (48:10)
"And, He it is who made the stars for you that ye maybe rightly guided by observing them in the darkness of the land and the sea; Indeed we have made plain the Signs for the people who can know. Qur'an (6:98)The Holy Prophet (sas) said:"As the stars in the sky are the source of guidance to the travelers, the Holy Ones of my Ahl al Bayt (the Imams descended from the Prophet's family) are the source of guidance for the people. And, as the stars will remain in the sky until the day of judgment, the earth will never be without a Divine Guide from my Ahl al Bayt, that is an Imam".
Several verses in the Quran speak about the Light of God and Rope of Imamat which is a continuous chain (Hablillah) since Hazrat Adam, through all the Prophets including, Noah, Abraham, Moses, Jesus, Muhammad and after him through the hereditary Imams. The Mahdi - Savior that is referred to by all Prophets and religions is referred to the Noor of Allah, Living and present in Mowlana Shah Karim Al Hussaini Hazar Imam. Allahuma Salli 'ala Muhammadin wa Ahl-e Muhammad.
In the Fatimid era, Eid-e Ghadir became an even more important holiday as the Imams were also the Caliphs and many blessings were showered on the community.
"Morale and enthusiasm were kept up by the observance of various festivals of general Islamic nature; particularly those of Shia and Ismaili. Fridays and the two Idd days were the days of festivity. Moreover, the Shia festival of Idd-e-Ghadeer al-Khumm and the 10th of Muharram were also observed.
Birthdays of the Ahl-e-Bayt (the Prophet's family) and the Imams and certain important dates of the year were celebrated. Imam took part in the celebrations of the festivals. Local festivals of secular origin, like the "Flooding of the Nile" and "Navroz" (beginning of spring) were also encouraged by the Imam. Imam al-Muiz would hold huge receptions at his palace; processions were taken through the town and the whole town was illuminated". - From History of the Imams
Everyday, we repeat in our prayers:"Guide us to the right path: The path of those whom Thou hast blessed." Quran (1:6-7)
Every time I read the Quran, I find more and more passages, pointing to this Grace of Allah, to the presence of the Everliving Guide."And say those who disbelieve: "why hath not a sign been sent down unto him (Muhammad)"; Verily thou art a warner and for every people there is a guide" Quran (13:7)Inshallah, as I get more time, I'll gather these verses and present them here for your enjoyment and guidance. Also check the links below on Panj Tan Paak and Naad-e Ali page.
Please do take a few minutes to read my dear friend, Sakar Datoo's contribution to the Eid e Ghadir page.
The Wilayat of Ali (1)O Mu’mins, may God help you in deriving the fullest benefit from the glories of the day. (Eid e Ghadir) (2) It was on this day that God conferred on us the highest of His favors. It was on this day that a great ordinance was issued by God which is the terminating point in the revelation of the religious laws. It was on this day that everything was made clear and the path was made smooth for the seekers of truth by the verse (of the Quran):
By Al-Mu’ayyad fid-din as-Shirazi
"I have perfected your religion. I have bestowed on you my highest favors. I have chosen for you Islam as a religion."
At first the Prophet was reluctant to proclaim the ordinance to the people who, he believed, were prejudiced against it. A Qur’anic verse made the matter clear and left no room for hesitation in his mind. The verse is as follows:
"0 Prophet, deliver the message which has been revealed to you by your Lord. If you fail to do so, it will mean that you have not delivered His message to the people. God will guard you against the people."
There is no sect in Islam which believes that the Prophet failed short of delivering the message of God in such matters as the performance of prayers, the payment of zakat, the fasting or going on pilgrimage, or taking part in the jehad. We know well that he exerted his utmost in making the people offer the prayers which one cannot perform without undergoing some physical discomfort. He preached to the people to pay the zakat and the people did pay, although one does not find it easy to part with money. The people were made to fast and we know well that in fasting one has to put up with unbearable heat and thirst. He exhorted the people to go on pilgrimage, which one cannot undertake without undergoing all sorts of hardships. He ordered the people to join the jehad and they did so at the risk of their lives.
In short, he made no hesitation in the delivering of God’s message in these matters. It was only the question of Wilayat (3) which worried him the most. It was the ordinance pertaining to the Wilayat, the allegiance to Ali and the Imams from amongst his descendants, that he was not prepared to proclaim. Finding the people burning with hatred and jealousy, the Prophet hesitated to deliver this ordinance to them and he was waiting for a favorable time when the above verses were revealed to clear his doubts. If one were to suggest that the Prophet was not hesitating to deliver this ordinance, this stand will make the revelation of the above verse meaningless and superfluous.
These verses, which lay emphasis on the delivery of the ordinance, prove to us that the faith in the Wilayat is the corner stone of our religion. If one does not believe in the Wilayat and discharges all the primary and secondary duties enjoined on us by our religion, the performance of these duties will not help him in the least. His good deeds minus the belief in the Wilayat will lead him to no other place than hell-fire. Belief in the Wilayat of the Prophet is a pivot. On this hinges the whole system of our religious laws. If one has no faith in the Wilayat, the duties laid down in our religion will lose the force of application on him. Hence, the performance or non-performance of these duties will make no difference in his case.
It must be borne in mind that after the death of the Prophet, the belief in the Wilayat Of the Imams from his progeny is as important a part of our religion as the belief in the Wilayat of the Prophet in his lifetime. This is supported by the Tradition according to which the Prophet is reported to have said at Ghadeer Khum: "Am I not more precious to you than your own selves?"
This is an echo of the Qur’anic verse which says:
"The Prophet is more dear to the Mu’mins than their own selves to them." It is said that when the Mu’mins said "Yes, you are dearer to us than our own selves," in response to the Prophet’s question, he said: "Oh God, be witness to their admission." After this he said: "Ali is the master of one who acknowledges me to be his master. 0 God love those who love Ali. Help those who help Ali. Desert those who desert Ali. Let the truth accompany Ali wherever he goes."1 Reprinted from ‘Life and Lectures of al-Mu’ayyad fid-din as-Shirazi, translated by Jawad Muscati and K.B.M.A. Moulvi, published by Ismailia Association for Pakistan, Karachi, 1966.
2 The day referred to here is known as ‘Yomul-Ghadeer, when Prophet Muhammad declared Hazrat Ali as his successor. This incident took place at Ghadeer Khum on the 18th of Zil-hajj during the Prophet's last pilgrimage, which is known in history as Hajjat ul- Wida. Ahmed bin Hanbal, founder of one of the four main Sunni schools of law, refers to this occasion in his book Masnad ul-Kabeer. He quotes Barra bin Azib, one of the companions of the Prophet: "We were in the company of the Prophet when he halted at Ghadeer Khum and led the congregational prayer. After finishing the prayer, the Prophet took the hand of Ali and raised it up saying, "Am I not dearer to Mu'mins than their own souls?" They replied "yes." Again he said, "Ali is the master of one who acknowledges me to be his master. 0 God, love those who love Ali and hate those who hate Ali." After hearing this, Omar bin Khattab went to Ali and said, "Congratulations to you, 0 son of Abu Ta'lib, you have become the master of every male and female Mu‘min.
3 The term Wilayat means the 'power', 'authority', 'sovereignty' or 'plenipotency' of the Imam. As a theological concept in Shiism, it involves belief in Imamat, love, devotion and allegiance to the Imams, obedience to their commands and recognition of their rights (see 'A Shi'ite Creed,' tr. by Asaf A.A. Fyzee, Bombay, 1942, p. 96, footnote 6).
- Source "Africa Ismaili" July 1978
Eid e Ghadir
By Sakar Datoo
"BOLE NABI ALI KO OOTHA KAR BAGAL TALAK
PEHCHAN LO YEHI HAI TUMHARA AMIR RAJ
HAI CHARKH PER YE DHOOM KE
NAYAB HUVE NABI KE JANAB E AMIR AAJ"
The Holy Prophet Muhammad(SAW) performed Hajj only once in his lifetime. While
returning from Hajj-tul-Wida(the last Hajj)in the 10th year of Hijra, he
received the following revelation:
YA HAIRASOOLU BALIGHMA OONZIL
ILLAYAKA MIRRABIKA WA ILM
TAFA AL FAMA BALAGHTA RISALAT HUU
WAALA HUU YA'ASIMUK MINANAAAS
O Apostle! Proclaim the Message which
has been sent to you from your Lord.
If you do it not, you have not fulfilled
and proclaimed His Mission. And Allah will
defend you from men who mean mischief.For
Allah Guides not those who reject Faith.
(HOLY QURAN 5:67)
No sooner was this Command revealed than the Holy Prophet (SAW) ordered for all the pilgrims to stop on the plains of Arafat (Ghadir e Khum). People assembled. Camels' saddlebacks were made into a stage, and ascending on this stage, the Holy Prophet (SAW) delivered a 'Khutba'. He then summoned Hazrat Amirul Momeneen Mushkil Kusha Mowla Ali to come on the stage, and raising his hand proclaimed:
"MAN KUNTO MOWLA HUU
FAHAZA ALI MOWLA HUU" (audio)
(Ali is Mowla of those of whom I am Mowla.)
And then, the Holy Prophet (SAW) made the Firman:
"O People! Hazrat Ali is Syed ul Muslimeen. He is the Imam of the believers. In
fulfilling the Commandment of Allah, I have today completed my duty, and given
you your Imam. I beseech Allah to forgive you and me."
Soon thereafter, Muslim men and women did the 'Baiyat' of Mowla Ali pledging
obedience and loyalty.
And shortly thereafter, the following was revealed upon the Holy Prophet (SAW):
"This day have I perfected for you
your religion and completed My favour
on you and chosen for you Islam as
(HOLY QURAN 5:3)
Thus, Imam e Awwaleen, Amirul Momeneen, Mowla Mushkil Kusha, Mowla Murtaza
Ali (AS) ascended the Throne of Imamat with the Noor of Allah vested in him, and
which Noor continues in the present Imam, Shah Karim Al-Hussaini and will
continue till the Day of Judgment.
EJI MOWLA MURTAZA ALI
DUNIYAMAN JAHER THAYA
TENI KUDRAT NO NAHI KOI SHUMAAR
DIN ISLAM TIYAN THI PEDA THAYO
TE KARAN ARSH THI OOTARIYA DHOOL DHOOL
(Mumeen Chetamani - Syed Imam Shah)
One time, on the 18th of Zilhaj, which was a Friday, while giving a Khutba in
Jam e Masjid in Kufa said:
"This day is the day of the Faith's perfection. Today is the day to renew and
refresh the call and promise."
That day was EID-E-GHADIR!
Arabic Calligraphy Depicting Man Kunto Mowla (also typed as Maula, Mawla) Man Kunto Mowlahu fa haza Aliyun Mowlahu which was declared by the Prophet at Ghadir e Khumm and is translated - He of whomever I am the Master - Lord Mowla, Ali is his Master - Lord Mowla - Qawwali below starts at 16.70 marker:
Man kunto Mowla Qawaali by Nusrat Fateh Ali Khan
Man Kunto Mowlahu fa haza Aliyun Mowlahu Qawaali by Sabri Brothers
Man Kunto Mowlahu fa haza Aliyun Mowlahu Qawaali by Riyaaz Qawwali
Haq Ali Ali Mowla Ali For your auditory and sensory pleasure!
An amazing kalam written by Amir Khusraw - This qawaali sung is by Nusrat Fateh Ali Khan and many and many others - see video links by the calligram
Lyrics and English translation:
La Fata illa Ali,
La Saif illa Zulfiqaar
King of the brave, the Lion of God
The Strength of the The Lord,
There is no one like Ali,
There is no sword like Zulfiqaar
Man Kunto Maula
Fa haza Ali-un Maula
Whomever I am master to,
Ali is his Master too.
(Abstract Sufi Chants follows)
Dara Dil E Dara Dil E Dar E Dani
Hum Tum Tanana Nana, Tana Nana Ray
Om Tum Tanana Nana, Tana Nana Ray
Yalali Yalali ala, Yala Ray
Tanana Tanana Tanana Tanana
Tum Tanana Nana, Tana Nana Ray...
Enter into the heart,
Enter into the heart,
Melt therein, You and me
Sing inside in sweet melody.
Maula Ali Maula
Maula Ali Maula
Master is Ali,
Master is he
Har Qalb Ali, Jism Ali, Jaan Ali Hai
Ik BeSar-O-Samaan Ka Samaan Ali Hai
Imaan Ka Matlaash E Ye Imaan Keh Doon
Imaan To Yeh Hai Mera Imaan Ali Hai
Ali Maula, Maula Ali Maula
Maula Ali Maula, Maula Ali Maula
My heart, my body and soul is for Ali
Fulfillment for me the unfulfilled, is Ali
Oh ye who seek faith, on faith hear me
The secret of faith is this, that all faith is Ali
Ali my master, my lord Ali
Haider-E-Um Qalandaram Mastam
Banda-E-Murtaza Ali Hastam
Ali Maula, Maula Ali Maula
Maula Ali Maula, Maula Ali Maula
A Haidari (Haidar is a title for Imam Ali which means Golden Lion), a mystic drowned in devotion am I
Nothing more than a humble servant of Ali-e-Murtaza (Ali the Chosen of God) am I
And yet the foremost amongst all mystics am I
For a dog laying in the street of my Lord Ali, am I
Gadhir Khumm Page from 1996
New Ghadir Khumm page
Hazrat Ali's Judgement
Hazrat Ali's Famous Epistle To Malik Ashtar, Governor of Egypt
Panj Tan Paak Page
Naad-e Ali Page
Yaum-e Ali - Hazrat Ali's Birthday
History of the Imams
Maxims of Hazrat Ali A lot of everyday wisdom!
Nahjul Balagha wherein you'll find a collection of Hazrat Ali's Sermons and letters
Qadi Numan's Majalis
Majalis-ul Muayyadiya - Life and Lectures of Al Muayyad fid-din Shirazi
Poetry by Al Muayyad and Ibn Hani regarding the Progeny of Muhammad
Poetry by Nasir Khusraw
MelodiesBy Nusrat Fateh Ali Khan
Dumm Mast Kalandar Mast Mast Download MediaPlayer File
Ali Dam Dam de Andar MP3 demo file
More audio files at Naad-e Ali page